Thekua Celebration: Embracing Emotion through Chhath Puja Preparation 2023


Chhath Puja is more than just a festival; it is an emotion that binds communities and individuals together in reverence. Central to this celebration is the preparation of Thekua, also known as Khajur or Tikri, a sacred prasad offered to Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya during the Chhath Puja festivities.

Thekua: An Integral Prasad

Definition and Importance

Thekua holds a significant place in the Chhath Puja rituals. It is a form of prasad, a divine offering to express devotion and seek blessings from the deities. The preparation of Thekua is deeply rooted in tradition and culture, symbolizing purity and spiritual connection.

Historical Background

Thekua has a rich historical background, dating back to ancient times. Its preparation has been passed down through generations, and the recipe carries the essence of age-old traditions associated with Chhath Puja.

Symbolic Representation in Chhath Puja

The circular shape of Thekua symbolizes eternity and the cyclical nature of life. Its ingredients and preparation method are laden with symbolism, reflecting the cultural and spiritual values embedded in Chhath Puja.

Chhath Puja: A Four-Day Celebration

Overview of the Ancient Hindu Festival

Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated on the sixth day of the month of Kartik, typically lasting four days. It is dedicated to the worship of the sun god, Surya, and Chhathi Maiya, the consort of Surya.

Specific Date and Its Connection to Kartik

The festival falls on the sixth day of Kartik, a month in the Hindu calendar known for its spiritual significance. The chosen date aligns with the position of the sun, emphasizing the worship of this celestial body.

Thekua Preparation

Ingredients Required

The preparation of recipe involves simple yet essential ingredients:

  • 1 cup wheat flour
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1/4 cup semolina
  • 1/4 tsp. cardamom powder
  • 2 tbsp. coconut powder
  • 1/4 tsp. fennel seeds
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 1/2 cup ghee
  • Water for kneading the dough
  • Oil for frying

Step-by-Step Process of Preparation

  1. Mixing dry ingredients:
    • Combine wheat flour, all-purpose flour, semolina, cardamom powder, coconut powder, fennel seeds, and sugar in a bowl.
  2. Adding Ghee:
    • Incorporate ghee into the dry mixture, ensuring even distribution.
  3. Kneading the dough:
    • Gradually add water to form a smooth, pliable dough.
  4. Shaping Thekua:
    • Take small portions of the dough and shape them into circular discs or desired forms.
  5. Frying:
    • Deep-fry the shaped Thekua until golden brown.
  6. Offering as Prasad:
    • The prepared Thekua is offered to Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya on the third and fourth days of Chhath Puja.

Rituals of Chhath Puja

Offering Thekua to Deities

Devotees offer Thekua to Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya on the third and fourth days of Chhath Puja. Devotees express their gratitude, seeking blessings for prosperity and well-being.

Significance of the Third and Fourth Days

The third day involves the preparation of Thekua, setting the stage for the subsequent offerings. On the fourth day, the final rituals are performed, concluding the Chhath Puja celebrations.

The Spiritual Significance of Recipe Ingredients

Symbolism Behind Ingredients

  • Wheat Flour and All-Purpose Flour:
    • Symbolize sustenance and the cycle of life.
  • Semolina:
    • Represents purity and the spiritual journey.
  • Cardamom Powder, Coconut Powder, and Fennel Seeds:
    • Infuse flavor and carry cultural significance.
  • Sugar and Ghee:
    • Sweeten the offering, signifying devotion and auspiciousness.

The Chhath Puja Experience

Engaging in the Emotional and Spiritual Aspects

Chhath Puja transcends mere rituals; it is an immersive experience that involves emotional and spiritual connection. Families come together to celebrate, fostering a sense of unity and cultural pride.

Community Participation and Cultural Unity

Communities unite during Chhath Puja, sharing the joy and significance of the festival. The collective participation creates a vibrant atmosphere, resonating with the cultural heritage of the region.

The Vibrancy of Chhath Puja Celebrations

Exploring the Lively Atmosphere

Chhath Puja is characterized by vibrant celebrations. Devotees gather at ghats and riversides, creating a lively ambiance with traditional music, rituals, and colorful decorations.

Traditional Rituals, Prayers, and Customs

The festival encompasses various rituals, prayers, and customs, each contributing to the overall vibrancy and cultural richness of Chhath Puja. From offering arghya to singing devotional songs, every aspect is a testament to the deep-rooted traditions.


In conclusion, Chhath Puja is not merely a festival; it is an emotion that binds individuals to their cultural roots. The preparation of Thekua, with its symbolic ingredients and rituals, adds a profound layer to the celebration. As devotees come together to offer their prayers, Chhath Puja becomes a testament to the rich cultural heritage and spiritual devotion embedded in the hearts of the people.


  1. What is the significance of Thekua in Chhath Puja?
    • Thekua is a sacred prasad offered to Lord Surya and Chhathi Maiya, symbolizing devotion and seeking blessings.
  2. Why is Chhath Puja celebrated for four days?
    • Chhath Puja is a four-day celebration, each day holding specific rituals and significance. The festival culminates with the offering of Thekua on the fourth day.
  3. What is the cultural significance of the ingredients in Thekua?
    • The ingredients in Thekua, such as wheat flour, semolina, and spices, carry cultural symbolism, representing purity, sustenance, and flavor.
  4. How do communities participate in Chhath Puja celebrations?
    • Communities come together during Chhath Puja, participating in rituals, prayers, and cultural events to celebrate the festival collectively.
  5. Can Thekua be prepared in advance for Chhath Puja?
    • Yes, the Thekua can be prepared in advance, allowing devotees to focus on the rituals and celebrations during Chhath Puja.

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